The Knyszyn Forest Landscape Park

In the late 1970s it was decided to establish large-scale forms of nature and landscape protection comprising a network of national parks, landscape and nature parks, as well as areas of protected landscape, which would complement one another and, eventually, be expanded to include ecological arable land.

Following the Government’s policy in this respect, work was begun to demarcate the boundaries of landscape parks and landscape protection areas in the former Białystok voivodeship. In 1986 six landscape protection areas were established: the Białowieża Forest, the Knyszyn Forest, the river Narew valley, the river Biebrza valley, the river Bug valley and the Sokółka hills. Finally, on 24 may 1988, a resolution was passed to create the professor Witold Sławiński Knyszyn Forest Landscape Park.

The park comprises 74,447 hectares of forests and river valleys, surrounded by a so-called otulina – a protective buffer zone safeguarding it from harmful external conditions – covering an area of 52,255 ha. The boundary of the buffer zone follows the boundary line of  the “Knyszyn Forest” protected landscape area. Thus the park together with its protective zone comprises almost the entire Knyszyn Forest, which makes it the second largest landscape park in Poland covering an area of more than 126,000 ha. The park is typically woodland. Woods and coppices extend over an area of 61,127 ha, which constitutes 82.1% of its total area. Arable land, meadows and pastures comprise 9,985 ha (13.4%); wetlands and peatlands – 436 ha (0.6%); waters – 381 ha (0.5%), roads, railway tracks, as well as built-up areas, etc. – 2,517 ha (3.4%).

Numerous hills and valleys, covered with woods, form the park’s varied landscape. It is home to many rare and protected species of flora – including: the dwarf marsh violet, small cranberry, ostrich fern, downy willow and silver thistle – and fauna. The 150 species of birds include: the black stork, honey buzzard, short-toed snake-eagle and as many as three species of the woodpecker family. other examples of wildlife include: the roe deer, hare, and reptiles, such as: the sand lizard, slow worm and common adder. The purpose of the park is to protect and preserve the natural, cultural and historical heritage of the Knyszyn Forest; to promote academic and educational activities, as well as developing special interest tourism and other forms of relaxation.


Projekt   współfinansowany   ze   środków
Unii Europejskiej w ramach Osi 4 LEADER
Program   Rozwoju  Obszarów   Wiejskich
na lata 2007 – 2013

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